Today in the shop we do a much needed replacement of the inner and outer tie rods on Willie B's daily driver 1993 Honda Civic. This video will apply to several makes and models and if you car is suffering from shimmies and shakes in the front end you won't want to miss this video.
As you steer your car you are rotating a steering wheel. That steering wheel is connected to a steering shaft which transmits your steering inputs to a power steering gearbox. This gearbox uses the hydraulic pressure from the power steering pump to move the steering gear. The steering gear moves the pitman arm to the left and to the right. The pitman arm is attached to your center link and also moves back and forth with your steering inputs. At each end of the center link there are tie rod ends that connect the center link to the spindles. This design uses two tie rod ends on each side, one inner tie rod one outer tie rod. Having two tie rods allows for maximum flexibility while turning the steering wheel and suspension movement while driving. Over time the tie rod ends can wear out from all the steering and suspension movement. When a tie rod end wears out the spindle is allowed to wobble while the car is in a turn under load. This can cause a vibration in the steering wheel and uneven tire wear. The inner and outer tie rod ends can be replaced separately although we recommend you replace all of them at once. In addition, there is a connecting sleeve that connects both inner and outer tie rods together and also allows the distance between the two to change for your toe adjustment. Due to rust and corrosion on the tie rod threads it is very difficult to break the rust free and thread out the individual tie rods. We recommend you replace the inner tie rod, adjusting sleeve, and outer tie rod as an assembly on each side. In this tech article we will go over all the steps to remove your inner and outer tie rods.
This DIY guide shows how I replaced the TRW inner and outer tie rods on a 1997 Volvo 855 GLT with 165k miles. I benefited greatly from the write up by Nlemerise who did the job on his V70. His guide was on Swedespeed.
Rack and pinion steering is much simpler in design, since the steering gear or rack is mounted directly between the inner and outer tie rod ends. The inner tie rod end is a ball-and-socket design, which forms the body of the tie rod and which is threaded to the outer tie rod end. In most cases, rack and pinion steering gears are sold as “long racks,” which include the inner tie rod ends and boots. Rack and pinion steering is currently the most predominate of the two steering linkage systems.